Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

The Traditional Medicine and Alternative Medicine has been evolved over years with various societies. The Traditional medicine is developed based on the knowledge, skills and practices of different culture and countries over generations. Folk medicine stands as the backbone of traditional medicine which is believed to provide longstanding remedies has been passed on informally within the culture. Traditional medicine is basically derived from the naturally available plant and animal material. Nowadays, most of the people believe that traditional medicine is safer as it constitutes natural products instead of the synthetic products used in modern medicine. 

Traditional medicine refers to medicines that have been formulated by using practices and knowledge which has evolved thousands of years. The market value of the traditional medicines are increasing and the worldwide annual market approaches US$ 60 billion. Several countries like China, India, Nigeria, USA and World Health Organization have made substantial research investments in development of traditional medicine. Even several leading pharmaceutical companies are looking forward for promising medicinal herbs and novel chemical compounds.  The recent researches on traditional medicine shows significant results in treating diabetes, cancer, AIDS, viral diseases and other pathogenic disease.

Herbal medicine is one of the oldest form of medicine which is prepared exclusively from medicinal herbs and plants. According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimation, around 80% of population is some Asian and African countries use herbal medicine for primary health care as it is more economical. The Herbal treatment method is also been used as remedies for chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, asthma and end stage renal diseases. Herbal remedies are of increasing demand in European countries. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 25% of modern drugs used in the United States have been derived from plants. It is estimated that 11% of total 252 drugs found in essential medicine list of WHO are exclusively of plant origin. The non-clinical studies that need to conducted before the clinical trials of herbal medicine are as follows

  • Track 3-1 Pharmacodynamic investigation
  • Track 3-2 General pharmacological investigations
  • Track 3-3 Toxicological investigations

Ayurveda has its origins in the Vedic culture of India which is a natural healing system that is 5000 years old. The terminology Tri-Dosha descries that human beings are part of nature in which three fundamental energies that governs our inner and outer environment. The Ayurveda describes that the medicine is divided into eight components. Ayurvedic practitioners approach diagnosis by using the five senses. Ayurveda has paved way to treat Alzheimer's disease which is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by severe memory loss. Several ayurvedic medicinal plants and their constituents  treat Alzheimer's disease effectively.In recent years,few well known pharmaceuticals have started investing in Ayurvedic medicine in European and several Asian countries because of its increased usage.The three elemental substance which is known as Doshas are as follows

  • Track 4-1 Vata - The Catabolic Dosha
  • Track 4-2 Pitta - The Metabolic Dosha
  • Track 4-3 Kapha - The Anabolic Dosha

Homeopathy is an alternative medicine which has its origin at the end of 18th century by a German physician. The Philosophy of homeopathy says that good health is based on the balance of vital force and the imbalance in those vital forces causes disease. The treatment procedure in homeopathy includes providing of medicine based on the symptoms of the patients rather than providing medicine for particular disease. Homeopathic medicine are effective in stimulating immune system to develop resistance  rather than killing germs directy. Homeopathic medicine are economical, safe, non- allergic, heals faster, dosage given in minimal amount and removes toxins from body. The homeopathy is based on certain fundamental principles, they are

  • Track 5-1 Principle of Similar
  • Track 5-2 Law of Simplex
  • Track 5-3 Law of minimum dose
  • Track 5-4 Arndt- Schulz law
  • Track 5-5 Theory of Chronic miasms
  • Track 5-6 Theory of vital force
  • Track 5-7 Doctrine of Dynamisation

Naturopathic medicine is a alternative treatment method which applies natural therapies. Naturopathy is based on the treatment which involves providing the suitable conditions so that the natural self healing properties of the body gets optimised. Naturopathic diagnosis focuses on identifying the underlying causes of disease, while naturopathic therapies are supported by research drawn from peer-reviewed journals from many disciplines. Naturopathic physicians mainly focus on  prevention of disease, assessment of risk factors and hereditary susceptibility to disease and then make appropriate interventions to prevent illness. The Principles to guide naturopathic practitioners to take care of the patients:
 

  • Track 6-1 The Healing Power of Nature
  • Track 6-2 Identify and Treat the Cause
  • Track 6-3 Do No Harm
  • Track 6-4 Doctor as Teacher
  • Track 6-5 Treat the Whole Person
  • Track 6-6 Prevention

Traditional chinese medicine is worldwide recognized medical practice which has its root dates back for more than 2500 years. The Chinese Materia Medica is a pharmacological reference book for chinese medicine practitioners. The traditional Chinese herbal remedy Artemisia annua which has been used in China for almost 2000 years is found to be effective against malaria and could prevent almost one million deaths annually from severe malaria. The most commonly followed techniques of treatment are,
 

  • Track 7-1 Chinese Herbal Medicine
  • Track 7-2 Acupuncture
  • Track 7-3 Tai Chi

Acupuncture is a alternative medicine which is used to treat musculoskeletal problems and treat wide range of conditions. It is widely applied for treatment of various neurological disorder. According to recent researches, acupunture could be used to treat neural diseases such as Alzheimer's disease ,Parkinson's disease and depression by modulating the plasticity of Central Nervous System. Recent studies shows that the use of acupuncture resuted in satisfactory treatment of conditions such as addiction to illicit drugs and alcohol, stroke rehabiliation, headache, menstrual cramps and tennis elbow. Acupuncture is also an effective treatment method for asthma without any side effects. The benefits of acupunture are as below:

  • Track 8-1 It is Safe
  • Track 8-2 Very Fewer Side Effects
  • Track 8-3 Controls Some Types of Pain
  • Track 8-4 Can be Combined with Other Treatments
  • Track 8-5 Helps patients who are not compatible with pain medications

Siddha is originated from the ancient vedic writings of tamil culture written on palm leaf manuscripts. Siddha follows some procedures along with the medication such as intense yogic practices and periodic fasting and meditation. Recent studies proves that various herbals from siddha has potential anti-oxidant and anti- microbial properties. Even latest research evidentaly shows that siddha medicine is capable of treating cervical cancer. Also, siddha medicine has been used among masses and showed effective results in developing resistance against mosquito borne disease dengu. The medicine from siddha are made from natural products as listed below

  • Track 9-1 Herbal Plant Products (Thavara)
  • Track 9-2 Inorganic Substance (Dhathu)
  • Track 9-3 Animal Products (Jangamam)

Unani was introduced by 13th century during the Mughal rule in India. According to Unani, treatment of any disease depends on the right diagnosis of the particular disease and provide suitable treatment. There are several universities in India, Pakistan and South Africa providing unani degree courses. The treatment procedure of unani medicine includes regimental therapy apart from the naturally derived medicine which eliminates toxic agents and cleanses the system. Some herbs from unani medicine is found to posses properties like anti-oxidant, anti inflammatory and enzyme inhibitory activities. Recent clinical studies proves that unani medicine is effective in treating women suffering from infertility issues caused due to obesity and polycystic ovary disorder. The studies based on unani medicine are gaining more attention and the research is creating higher impact factor. The principles of Unani says that the human body is made up of seven components, they are

  • Track 10-1 Arkan (Elements)
  • Track 10-2 Mizaj (Temperament)
  • Track 10-3 Akhlat (Humours)
  • Track 10-4 Aaza (organs)
  • Track 10-5 Arwah (Spirits)
  • Track 10-6 Quwa (Faculties)
  • Track 10-7 Afaal (Functions)

African traditional medicine has its origin in the african sub-continent. Initially, it was said to be primitive method of medication  but now it has gained attention among the research scientist. The traditional african treatment mainly focuses on the patient's social environment as the main cause of the disease rather than medical or physical reasons. This medicine is found to be effective and economical for several diseases and so many developing countries shows interest in integrating the african traditional medicine with the modern health care system. It is also found that this traditional medicine is even capable of treating many dangerous viral diseases like Acquired Immuno Deficinecy Syndrome (AIDS) and ebola. The african traditional medicine follows five main ideas or practices of healing and they are listed below:

  • Track 11-1 Empirical Therapies
  • Track 11-2 Ritualised Therapies
  • Track 11-3 Collective Therapeutic Rites
  • Track 11-4 Divination
  • Track 11-5 Adaptive Order

The Japanese traditional medicine otherwise called as Kampo has its drug formulation dates back by more than 1500 years.Recent decades have seen a revival of Kampo medicine in medical practice, accompanied by a scientific reevaluation and critical examination of its relevance in modern health care. The traditional herbal medicine has been gradually reemerged and 148 different herbal extract formulations are found in the National Health Insurance drug list. As a result of recent study, Kampo proves to provide effective treatment to dementia and other refractory diseases. Kampo also proves to improve cognitive function. It is also found that the kampo medicine is effective on treating several liver disease and gastrointestinal disorder. Kampo is now being practised outside Japan in many countries including Unites States of America by

  • Track 12-1 Acupuncturists
  • Track 12-2 Chinese Medicine Practitioners
  • Track 12-3 Naturopath Physicians
  • Track 12-4 Other Alternative Medicine Professionals

The origin of Korean Traditional Medicine traces back to 3000 B.C and it is traditional East Asian medicine. Korean traditional medicine is mostly associated with the Chinese traditional medicine and Japanese traditional medicine. The Korean Traditional medicine emphasizes that the balance between the mind and body is the key requirement to maintain good health. The prescription of herbal medicine and acupuncture treatment are provided to the patients based on the body type of each person. The method of diagnosis in Korean traditional medicine is done by pulse diagnosis, tongue and facial inspection and extensive questioning. Traditional Korean medicine is proved to be effective treatment procedure for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis.  There are three treatment methods followed in traditional Korean medicine.

  • Track 13-1 Herbal Medicine
  • Track 13-2 Acupuncture
  • Track 13-3 Moxibustion

Shiatsu is medical treatment technique which has its origin form Japan. Shiatsu technique includes providing treatment by massage therapies, meditations and specialized breathing techniques. The Shiatsu massage techniques are derived from acupressure and acupunture. The Shiatsu therapist are well trained and are capable of detecting various symptoms through the ability of touch and sense even before the physical symptoms begin to appear. This therapeutic treatment can be used to treat various chronic ailments like musculoskeletal problems, insomnia, chronic fatigue syndrome, arthritis, asthma, fibromyalgia, migraine, and joint pain. People regularly following shiatsu claims that they experience relief form stress and anxiety. There are some different styles of Shiatsu massage and they are listed as follows:

  • Track 14-1 Namikoshi
  • Track 14-2 Healing
  • Track 14-3 Hara
  • Track 14-4 Macrobiotic
  • Track 14-5 Zen
  • Track 14-6 Movement

Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine which focuses on musculoskeletal system disorders and nervous system disorders, and also the effects of these disorders on general health. Chiropractors primarily perform adjustments or manipulations to the spine or other parts of the body which mainly aims at allowing the body to heal itself by its natural ability.

  • Track 15-1 Rehabilitative and general exercise
  • Track 15-2 Relaxation techniques
  • Track 15-3 Electrical stimulation
  • Track 15-4 Heat and ice
  • Track 15-5 Counseling
  • Track 15-6 Dietary supplements

Osteopathy is an alternative medicine that concentrates on manipulating the muscles and bones. The osteopath follows several techniques by moving, stretching and massaging the muscles to detect, treat and prevent the health related problems. The physical manipulation in osteopathy aims at relieving muscle tension, increasing mobility of joints, enhancing blood supply which ultimately focuses on helping the body to heal itself.

  • Track 16-1 Structural Osteopathy
  • Track 16-2 Visceral Osteopathy
  • Track 16-3 Cranial Osteopathy

Integrative medicine is a form of medicine that combines alternative medical practices with the modern medicine. The Integrative medicine treats the patient by understanding the patient completely by addressing the physical, mental, emotional, social, environmental and spiritual factors that influences the patient’s health. The treatment is based on every individuals unique conditions, circumstances and needs. The integrative medicine is open to new paradigms which mainly aims at healing patient by providing effective treatment without any adverse effects.

  • Track 17-1 Aromatherapy
  • Track 17-2 Art therapy
  • Track 17-3 Biofeedback
  • Track 17-4 Chromotherapy
  • Track 17-5 Energy healing
  • Track 17-6 Hypnotherapy
  • Track 17-7 Hydrotherapy
  • Track 17-8 Yoga

Holistic Medicine is the concept of medicine which treats the patient as a whole. The treatment methods overlook the person’s physical, mental, spiritual and emotional wellbeing completely. The holistic medicine considers the body system as interdependent parts and so the treatment method involves in balancing the person’s complete system. The Occupational therapy is a method of physical therapy which treats a patient with the holistic approach. Occupational therapy involves treatment that associates with one’s daily life activities.

  • Track 18-1Alternative Medical Systems
  • Track 18-2Mind-Body Interventions
  • Track 18-3Biologically-Based Therapies
  • Track 18-4Manipulative and Body-Based Methods
  • Track 18-5Energy Therapies

Even though the traditional medicine has several years of history, it has various ethical issuses which needs to be addressed for global recognition. There are some quality issues pertaining in harvesting, collecting, handling and production of herbal and other traditional medicine that has to be looked out for improvement  of standards. Futher research and development is needed on dosage, production techniques, mode of action of the traditional medicine. Also the clinical trials of the medicine is important to understand the safety and efficacy before being recommended to the world market